By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.
Read or Download A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States) PDF
Best middle east books
First released in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A background of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English historic writing, is being reissued. This quantity offers thoroughly with the 1st campaign and the basis of the dominion of Jerusalem. As Runciman says in his preface: 'Whether we regard the Crusades because the such a lot great and such a lot romantic of Christian adventures, or because the final of the barbarian invasions, they shape a principal truth in medieval heritage.
- William of Tyre: Historian of the Latin East
- Travels in Arabia; Comprehending an Account of Those Territories in Hedjaz Which the Mohammedans Regard as Sacred
- The Gulf Conflict and International Relations
- Frommer's Dubai
- Understanding Turkey Today
Extra info for A History of the Crusades, Volume IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States (Art & Architecture of the Crusader States)
20 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES IV were covered with rugs. Censers with burning incense would be set in the streets and silk curtains hung before the houses;132 rugs and incense were common commodities in the Near East. Musicians appeared, enjoyed perhaps not so much for their own sake as for the fact that they were an accompaniment for festive occasions. Timbrels, trumpets, horns, pipes, and flutes were played, and choruses went singing through the streets, as cups of wine were passed about. 133 On one occasion a string player and a singer, belonging to Saladin, charmed king RichardY4 Later Louis IX was delighted with three Armenian brothers who performed a horn trio while tumblers did somersaults on a mat.
Under Raymond II (1137-1152) there was a silver denier, with no name on it, followed by a copper coinage. In 1148 began the denier raimondin, which shows the design of Toulouse- the crescent moon and eight-rayed sun surrounded by circlets. Money without a lord's name customarily means a regency or a vacancy: during the captivity (I 164-1174) of Raymond III (1152-1187) the pennies do not bear his name. With Bohemond VI ofTripoli (1252-1275) thegros or groat was introduced. Secondary barons of the kingdom of Jerusalem who struck their own coins were the counts of Jaffa and Ascalon, the lords of Sidon, and especially the lords of Beirut and of Tyre.
One that the Franks captured carried gold, silver, silks, Grecian textiles, purple-dyed stuffs, quilted jackets, garments, tents, biscuits, barley meal, medicines, basins, leather bottles, chess tables, silver pots and candlesticks, pepper, cumin, sugar, wax, spices, and armsH Large mule caravans from Damascus were wont to pass through Toron, twenty-five miles south of Sidon; other caravans approached Acre from Tiberias. 30 At the time Ibn-Jubair was writing, these caravans were comp·osed of peaceful Moslems.