By Cristóbal de Molina
Only a number of a long time after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, known as for a document at the spiritual practices of the Incas. The document used to be ready by way of Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the sanatorium for the Natives of Our woman of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher common of town. Molina was once an exceptional Quechua speaker, and his complicated language talents allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals carried out on the peak of Inca rule. therefore, Molina's account preserves a very important first-hand checklist of Inca spiritual ideals and practices.
This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas on the grounds that 1873 and comprises the 1st authoritative scholarly statement and notes. The paintings opens with a number of Inca construction myths and outlines of the main gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses crucial rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the 12 months, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, akin to delivery rituals, lady initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, during which the entire shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial circulate that unfold around the Andes through the overdue 1560s according to turning out to be Spanish domination and speeded up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.
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Additional resources for Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas (William and Bettye Nowlin Series in Art, History, and Culture of the Western Hemisphere)
June They called the month of June Cauay [or] by another name, Chahuarhuay. 46 July They called the month of July Moronpassa Tarpuiquilla. In this month they performed the Yahuayra celebrations, during which they asked the Creator for all the food to grow and produce well in that year, and for it to be a prosperous [year]. 4). The tarpuntaes, who are people like priests, were careful to fast from [the time when] they planted the maize until it reached about a finger’s height above the ground. 47 During this time, they eat nothing but boiled maize and herbs illegible, and they did not drink chicha [corn beer], only a clouded [drink] called concho [sediment].
14 Olivera, Molina, and Albornoz were active participants in those campaigns, and their anti-idolatry activities brought them into close contact with each other. 15 Later, Albornoz also captured several leaders of the movement, and he brought them to Cuzco to be publicly punished. At the time, Olivera was working as the secretary of the ecclesiastical council of Cuzco, and he heard the sermon that Molina, as preacher general of the city, delivered to the natives on the day that the indigenous leaders were punished.
This [Lord] was so wise that he started pondering upon the respect and reverence that his ancestors have had for the Sun, noting that they worshipped him as a god who never stopped or rested and who traveled every day around the world. This [Lord] spoke and discussed with those of his council that it was not possible for the Sun to be the god who created everything, because if he were, a small cloud would not be able to pass in front of him and obscure his resplendence so he could not shine. And that if he were the Creator of All Things, then one day he would rest; and from that place he would illuminate the entire world and order what he wanted.