By J. H. Horlock
Primarily this e-book describes the thermodynamics of gasoline turbine cycles. the quest for prime fuel turbine potency has produced many adaptations at the uncomplicated "open circuit" plant, related to using warmth exchangers, reheating and intercooling, water and steam injection, cogeneration and mixed cycle vegetation. those are defined totally within the text.
A evaluation of modern proposals for a couple of novel gasoline turbine cycles is usually integrated. some time past few years paintings has been directed in the direction of constructing gasoline generators which produce much less carbon dioxide, or vegetation from which the CO2 will be disposed of; the consequences of a carbon tax on electrical energy pricing are thought of.
In offering this huge survey of gasoline turbine cycles for strength iteration the writer calls on either his educational event (at Cambridge and Liverpool Universities, the gasoline Turbine Laboratory at MIT and Penn nation collage) and his business paintings (primarily with Rolls Royce, plc.) The e-book should be crucial studying for ultimate 12 months and masters scholars in mechanical engineering, and for working towards engineers.
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Additional info for Advanced Gas Turbine Cycles: A Brief Review of Power Generation Thermodynamics
Irreversible Joule-Brayton cycle. Two objectives are immediately clear. If the top temperature can be raised and the bottom temperature lowered, then the ratio T = (Tmin/Tmm) is decreased and, as with a Carnot cycle, thermal efficiency will be increased (for given p). The limit on top temperature is likely to be metallurgical while that on the bottom temperature is of the surrounding atmosphere. A third objective is similarly obvious. If compression and expansion processes can attain more isentropic conditions, then the cycle ‘widening’ due to irreversibility is decreased, cr moves nearer to unity and the thermal efficiency increases (for a given 7).
The difference between the turbine work output (WT) and the work required to drive the compressor (W,), W = WT - W,. For rhe open circuit gas turbine of Fig. 3, if the reactants (air Ma and fuel Mf)enter at temperature To, and the exhaust products (Ma M f ) leave at temperature T4,then the steady-flow energy equation yields + where subscripts R and P refer to reactants and products, respectively, and it has been assumed that there are no heat losses from the plant. Hence ha0 +fh, =w +(1 +f)hP4.
43) Advanced gas turbine cycles 24 where ho and so are the specific enthalpy and specific entropy at the ambient pressure po and the temperature To, respectively. 6. 23)) and for the ideal chemical reaction or combustion process at @o. 47) The first equation may be applied to a control volume CV surrounding a gas turbine Ro and discharging products at state P y = power plant, receiving reactants at state R, P4. As for the combustion process, we may subtract the steady flow availability function for the equilibrium product state (GPO)from each side of Eq.