Download Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the by John Freely PDF

By John Freely

Aladdin’s Lamp is the attention-grabbing tale of ways old Greek philosophy and technological know-how started within the 6th century B.C. and, through the subsequent millennium, unfold around the Greco-Roman international, generating the extraordinary discoveries and theories of Thales, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Archimedes, Galen, Ptolemy, and so on. John Freely explains how, because the darkish a while shrouded Europe, students in medieval Baghdad translated the works of those Greek thinkers into Arabic, spreading their rules in the course of the Islamic global from relevant Asia to Spain, with many Muslim scientists, so much significantly Avicenna, Alhazen, and Averroës, including their very own interpretations to the philosophy and technology that they had inherited. Freely is going directly to express how, starting within the 12th century, those texts via Islamic students have been then translated from Arabic into Latin, sparking the emergence of recent technological know-how on the sunrise of the Renaissance, which climaxed within the clinical Revolution of the 17th century.

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The following morning the conspirators sent the governor of Shiraz, Mehdi Quli Khan Zul Qadr, to the palace as their spokesman. He demanded that the shah dismiss his vakil, allow the Qizilbash chiefs greater freedom and resume the practice of holding twice-weekly meetings of the Council of Amirs. The shah told him that his demands were unacceptable, because they amounted to ‘that same independence and unjustified interference of the Qizilbash amirs in the affairs of state which weakened the central government and assisted the enemies of Iran in my father’s time’.

The Timurid influence on Abbas was not to be confined to the arts. 9 18 IBT011 - Shah Abbas 3/2/09 17:30 Page 19 A Turbulent Childhood and the Seizure of Power His intellectual education was entrusted to a learned cleric from Mashhad, Sheikh Hasan Davud,10 and would have included instruction in the Koran, the Sharia and the principal teachings of Shi’ism, as well as the study of some of the masterpieces of Persian poetry, in particular the national epic, the Shahnama of Firdausi. Book learning, however, seems to have had little appeal to Abbas at this time, and he is said often to have skipped his studies in order to go hunting.

1555), who regarded himself as the natural successor, since his father had already devolved many of his duties upon him. His supporters included the dominant Ustajlu tribe, who looked to Haidar to maintain their supremacy, and the Georgian ghulams at the court, since Haidar’s mother was a Georgian. The other candidate was promoted in absentia. This was Tahmasp’s second son, Prince Ismail (b. 1533–4), who had fought with distinction against the Ottomans but had been imprisoned for nearly twenty years on suspicion of plotting to overthrow the shah.

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