By Edward M. P. Gardener, Peter C. Versluijs
Either in international and ecu banking markets, banks and banking are present process basic adjustments. Deregulation, festival, expertise, and different advancements have prolonged the frontiers of banking into the broader and ever-expanding monetary prone undefined. financial institution thoughts and demanding situations within the New Europe brings jointly the paintings of top eu researchers in banking and finance in a mix of thought, perform, and empirical research. The members situate banking inside this new setting by way of exploring key concerns comparable to the impression of technological advances, alterations in supply and fee platforms, EMU and the convergence of ecu banking sectors, festival, nearby funding, offshore banking, capital adequacy, and danger administration.
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Additional info for Bank Strategies and Challenges in the New Europe
Security issues A major concern of Internet/Intranet/Extranet services is the integrity of the system and Bank of Boston will deliver its services over fixed lines on a private network using familiar passwords, IDs and strong Ray Shaw 13 encryption. Interestingly, the Royal Bank of Scotland is using levels of security similar to those that apply to corporate-to-bank electronic services for their Internet banking services used by customers who wish to access their bank accounts from their home PC.
55 Talmor, S. (1997), ‘Landscaper for commerce’, The Banker, January, p. 69 Talmor, S. (1996), ‘Tech notes’, The Banker, April, pp. 94–5 Talmor, S. (1996), ‘Tech notes’, The Banker, July, pp. 100–1 Talmor, S. (1996), ‘Tech notes’, The Banker, October, pp. 110–11 Webb, A. (1997), ‘Towards the plug “n” play bank’, Euromoney, July, p. 122 2 Technical Change in European Banking Yener Altunbas¸ and Philip Molyneux Abstract This chapter examines technical change in European banking by applying the Fourier Flexible functional form and stochastic cost frontier methodologies using 13 603 bank observations across 15 EU countries between 1988 and 1995.
Are the standard normal distribution and the standard normal density function, respectively. E(u) is an unbiased but inconsistent estimator of ui, since regardless of N, the variance of the estimator remains non-zero (see Greene, 1993, pp. 80–2). Jondrow et al. (1982) have shown that the ratio of the variability (standard deviation, ) for u and v can be used to measure a bank’s relative inefficiency, where = u/v, is a measure of the amount of variation stemming from inefficiency relative to noise for the sample.