By Arang Keshavarzian
The Tehran Bazaar has continuously been crucial to the Iranian financial system and certainly, to the Iranian city event. Arang Keshavarzian's interesting publication compares the economics and politics of lower than the Pahlavis, who sought to undermine it within the force for modernisation and less than the following progressive regime, which got here to energy with a mandate to maintain the bazaar as an 'Islamic' establishment. the results in their respective rules have been thoroughly at odds with their intentions. regardless of the Shah's antagonistic process, the bazaar flourished lower than his rule and maintained its organisational autonomy to such an quantity that it performed an essential position within the Islamic revolution. Conversely, the Islamic Republic applied guidelines that unwittingly reworked the ways that the bazaar operated, hence undermining its ability for political mobilisation. Arang Keshavarizian's booklet presents strange insights into the politics, economics and society of Iran throughout 4 a long time.
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Additional info for Bazaar and State in Iran: The Politics of the Tehran Marketplace
45 46 On the impact of space on socioeconomic configurations and political action see Ira Katznelson, Marxism and the City (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992); Paul Krugman, ‘‘Space: The Final Frontier,’’ Journal of Economic Perspectives 12 (Spring 1998), 161– 74; Saskia Sassen, The Global City: New York, London, and Tokyo (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001); and William H. Sewell, ‘‘Space in Contentious Politics,’’ in Silence and Voice in the Study of Contentious Politics, ed. Ronald R. Aminzade et al.
For an example from the Bazaar context see Asnaf no. 22 (Ordibehest 1373 [May 1994]), 38–40. Asnaf, the official magazine of the Association of Guild Affairs, concluded that the economy has not worsened when one accounts for issues of equality and dependence on external actors. It labeled the welfare of the Pahlavi era as ‘‘artificial welfare’’ (refah-e masnu‘ i) and ‘‘false welfare’’ (refah-e kazebi). Also, Asnaf ’s interviews with members of various trade associations all begin with a question about the problems and situation prior to the Revolution and after the Revolution.
Chapter 4 explains why this shift occurred, arguing that the particular transformative programs of the two regimes generated different forms of governance in the Bazaar by altering the institutional and physical setting of networks. Chapter 5 traces the dynamics in the structural change in the hand-woven carpet sector, tea sector, and the china and glassware sector. These narratives show that the sectors, although all moving from cooperative to coercive hierarchies, followed different trajectories because of contingencies related to the particular nature of the commodities traded and the institutional patterns negotiated by the state and bazaaris, rather than mere presence or absence of the state in the economy.