By James S. Ketchum
Chemical war watchers, from scientists to coverage advocates, frequently ask yourself what went on on the military Chemical heart throughout the 1960's. It was once a decade within which millions of military enlisted males served as volunteers for the secrets and techniques trying out of chemical brokers. the particular old checklist, even though, has formerly remained disturbingly incomplete. What chemical substances was once the Arm learning? Why used to be this system by no means absolutely documented in books to be had to the general public? Who deliberate and conducted the assessments, and what used to be their objective? How and by way of whom, have been the volunteers recruited? How safely have been they recommended sooner than giving their trained consent? What lengthy diversity results, if any, were present in follow-up reports? Written via the health practitioner who performed a pivotal position in psychoactive drug trying out of countless numbers of volunteers, the tale breaks an reliable silence that has lasted virtually fifty years. Dr. James Ketchum could be the in simple terms scientist nonetheless equivalent to the duty. His e-book is going far towards revealing the contents of as soon as categorized files that also dwell in constrained information. the writer spent lots of the decade checking out over a dozen strength incapacitating brokers together with LSD, BZ and marijuana derivatives. His 380-page narrative, loaded with either outdated and up to date photos, derives from the technical studies, memoranda, movies, notes and thoughts. Written essentially for the overall reader yet supplemented by means of a voluminous appendix of graphs and tables for the technically susceptible, Dr. Ketchum's ebook combines a subjective diary with an goal record of the exterior occasions that formed and at last terminated this system. casual and autobiographical popular, it comprises a variety of a laugh anecdotes and character snap shots that make it at the same time exciting and informative.
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Extra resources for Chemical Warfare Secrets Almost Forgotten: A Personal Story of Medical Testing of Army Volunteers
Unwitting guinea pigs? Naïve young men taken in by Army propaganda? Mentally marginal soldiers who could not make good decisions? Ignorant individuals who didn’t know what they were getting into because of tight secrecy? In my view, none of the above! The men accepted into our program were above average in education and intelligence. Their average AFQT (Armed Forces Qualification Test) score, administered prior to induction, was equivalent to an IQ well over 110, placing most of them in the top third of the general population.
The remainder would receive no drugs at all but could test protective clothing or equipment. Our screening process, although hardly as rigorous, was remarkably like that used to select astronauts. The difference was that at Edgewood, we were seeking soldiers ready to go into “inner” rather than outer space. A second informed consent, beyond the initial general consent given at the time of arrival, preceded any The medical staff provided a repeat of lab tests commitment to a particular procedure.
Little contracts were essentially limited to supplying about six pounds of a potent synthetic relative of THC to the National Institutes of Mental Health for $75,000. Dr. Bob Petersen, speaking for NIMH, immediately expressed “shock and surprise” that anyone might suppose that such a compound could have any military applications. 36 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ An Interesting Drug to Start With Another NIMH scientist went out on a limb, saying that it was “incredible” that marijuana in any natural or synthetic form could serve as a chemical warfare agent.