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By Shogo Suzuki

This ebook seriously examines the impact of overseas Society on East Asia, and the way its makes an attempt to introduce ‘civilization’ to ‘barbarous’ polities contributed to clash among China and Japan.

Challenging present works that experience provided the growth of (European) overseas Society as a innovative, linear method, this ebook contends that imperialism – in addition to an ideology premised on ‘civilising’ ‘barbarous’ peoples – performed a primary position in its historical improvement. contemplating how those components of foreign Society affected China and Japan’s access into it, Shogo Suzuki contends that such states envisaged a Janus-faced foreign Society, which at the same time aimed for cooperative family members between its ‘civilized’ contributors and for the advent of ‘civilization’ in the direction of non-European polities, usually through coercive potential. by means of reading the complicated approach through which China and Japan engaged with this dualism, this publication highlights a darker aspect of China and Japan’s socialization into foreign Society which past experiences have didn't acknowledge.

Drawing on chinese language and jap fundamental resources seldom used in diplomacy, this booklet makes a compelling case for revising our understandings of foreign Society and its enlargement. This booklet could be of sturdy curiosity to scholars and researcher of diplomacy, foreign background, eu reports and Asian Studies.

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Extra info for Civilization and Empire: China and Japan's Encounter with European International Society

Sample text

71 The English School scholars’ central problematique and normative agenda of demonstrating that a common culture was not a prerequisite for the universalization of European Socialization into International Society 27 International Society meant that the ‘outcomes’ of non-European states’ socialization were already pre-determined in terms of the adoption of the institutions and norms of the Society (which applied to ‘civilized’ entities) and the fulfilling of the ‘standard of civilization’. One problem with this approach is that it fails to take account of the possibility that a socialization process can take place even though the outcomes are not successful or perfect replications of the social structures being propagated.

A lack of geographical proximity meant that both sides had insufficient contact with one another, and neither did they share a common culture or god. Bull himself agrees that prior to European imperialism which resulted in the expansion of European International Society, … neither the Europeans nor the non-Europeans in their dealing with one another can be said to have been moved by common interests they perceived in maintaining an enduring structure of coexistence and cooperation among independent political communities over the world as a whole.

H. L. Heeren, which downplays 24 Socialization into International Society imperialism and paints an excessively benign picture of the Society. Heeren noted in his Manual of the History of the Political System of Europe and its Colonies that the European international system was characterized by … its internal freedom, or, in other words, the mutual independence of its members, however disproportionate they may otherwise be in regard to physical power. 61 The English School scholars appear to have decided that this depiction of International Society most matched their theoretical conceptualization.

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